EVENTS THIS WEEK IN HISTORY & TODAY Feb 23-March 1, 2014
Feb 23, In 1954, the first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Since its introduction, it is estimated that
the polio vaccine has saved approximately 160,000 US lives, nearly all children and approximately $40 billion in health care costs. World wide the number of lives saved is astounding.
Feb 24, 1913 — John B. Watson gave his noteworthy lecture titled "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" to the meeti
ng of the New York Branch of the APA at Columbia University. The lecture was also published in Psychological Review (1913).
Feb 24, 1955. Steve Jobs, one of the inventors of the Appl
e computer, was born. In an interview by Rolling Stone magazine Jobs was asked how he saw himself.
Jobs: “I look at myself as an artist if anything. Sort of a trapeze artist.”
Levy: “With or without a net?”
[Interview with Rolling Stone writer, Steven Levy (late Nov 1983). As quoted in Nick Bilton, 'The 30-Year-Old Macintosh and a Lost Conversation With Steve Jobs' (24 Jan 2014), on New York Times blog web page. Levy appended a transcript of the interview to an updated Kindle version of his book, Insanely Great: The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer that Changed Everything.]
Sir Peter Brian Medawar Born 28 Feb 1915;was a medical scientist and Nobel laureate (1960, with Sir Frank Burnet) for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance. Medwar was uniquely effective in explaining complex scientific ideas to
an often wary public. Among his many memorable quotes, Medwar wrote in an essay, “For a scientist must indeed be freely imaginative and yet skeptical, creative and yet a critic. There is a sense in which he must be free, but another in which his thought must be very preceisely regimented; there is poetry in science, but also a lot of bookkeeping. [The Strange Case of the Spotted Mice and Other Classic Essays on Science (1996), 63.]
March 1, 1960 — The Gerbrands cumulative recorder mechanism was patented. Ralph Gerbrands, who was a technician working in B.F. Skinner’s Harvard laboratory, invented a clutch and reset mechanism that gave his recorder a competitive advantage over similar equipment and contributed to the success of
the Gerbrands Corporation. The cumulative recorder was the device making it possible to directly estimate moment to moment rate of responding, and hence probability of behavior. The Gerbrands Corporation went out of business on September 30, 1994.
Eating Disorders Awareness Week (Feb 23-March 1) provides opportunities for eating disorders organizations, mental health professionals, educators, families, and concerned individuals around the world to join together to distribute information and plan events to
educate people on the seriousness of eating disorders and how to find help. Contact: Diana Kalogridis | National eating Disorders Association | 212.575.6200 | [email protected] | www.nedawareness.org